HIGH RESOLUTION CAMERA DESIGN PLANNING THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS FOR DRIVING SYSTEMS
Keywords:ADAS, Autonomous Driving Car, SLAM, LIDAR, SAE, autopilot, camcorder, stereo vision, active safety system, high resolution camera, image processing
Background. Analysis of statistical data showed that in most cases the cause of the accident is driver error and, as a consequence, violation of traffic rules. In this regard, over the past 10 years, active developments in the field of recognition of road signs and other obstacles in the path of a car have been actively developing. Car manufacturers offer ready-made built-in systems, mounted behind the interior rearview mirror and connected to the car’s on-board computer, which carries out further control of the car in a critical situation. The main disadvantage of these systems of this class is the low range of recognition of road signs, the dependence of optical parameters on temperature and low light sensitivity.
Objective. The purpose of the paper is to model an athermal objective for a high-resolution camera, investigate the characteristics of lenses depending on the ambient temperature.
Methods. Analysis and modeling of objectives, lenses, optical glass from different materials.
Results. A high-resolution camera objective for all types of cars is proposed. An athermal objective was developed for a high-resolution camera.
Conclusions. The optimized athermal design of the visible spectrum objective for long-range car cameras is considered. Car cameras typically have a fixed focus, and forward-facing cameras typically require relatively long focal lengths to provide information about distant objects. The optical system for these cameras should provide high resolution, as well as operate in a wide range of ambient temperatures. The camera design parameters are derived from the functional requirements of road sign recognition at a distance of 200 m. The objective design has five lenses with spherical surfaces. The objective has a relative aperture of f/2 and a modulation transfer function (MTF) of more than 0.5 at 111 l/mm over the entire temperature range.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Viacheslav S. Stadnichuk, Valentin G. Kolobrodov, Oleksii O. Mosolab, Denis Yu. Kondratenko, Dmytro I. Ryabokon
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